Friday, March 25, 2016

Mosaic inspiration from Barcelona, Spain

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In preparation for my first next mosaic workshop of 2016, I took a trip to Barcelona, Spain for some mosaic inspiration. Rather than rambling on, I will let the photos speak for themselves. I probably took 100's of photographs during my visit to Barcelona. Below is a selection of them for your viewing pleasure.
My first stop had to be one of Antonio Gaudi's greatest works, Park Guell.

Be sure to click on the photos to get a larger view.

Park Güell
Park Guell is one of the most impressive public parks in the world. The park is located in Barcelona and was designed by famous architect Antonio Gaudi.
Gaudi planned and directed the construction of the park from 1900 to 1914 for Eusebi Guell for a residential park intended for sixty single- family residences.
The project became city property in 1923. Though never fully completed, it still remains one of Gaudi's most colorful and playful works.

Palau de la Música Catalana
The Palau de la Música Catalana was built between 1905 and 1908 by the architect Lluís Domènech i Montaner as a home for the Orfeó Català, financed by popular subscription.
The building is designed around a central metal structure covered in glass, which exploits natural light to make the make Domènech i Montaner's masterpiece into  a magical music box which brings together all the decorative arts: sculpture, mosaic, stained glass and ironwork.
I could not have finished my trip to Barcelona without a trip to Sagrada Familia. 
Sagrada Família
La Sagrada Familia is one of Gaudí's most famous works in Barcelona. It's a giant Basilica that has been under construction since 1882 and it's not expected to be completed until 2026. 
The cathedral has some nice mosaic features (with much more to come) but for me it is the interior that is a triumph.

It is worth noting that all three sites visited above are UNESCO World Heritage Sites, a testament to their significance in the mosaic world.
If this post has inspired you to have a go at creating your own piece of mosaic art, I am running a weekend mosaic workshop at Kinsale Pottery and Arts Centre, Kinsale, Co. Cork, Ireland on August 27th-28th 2016    
This workshop is open to all levels of experience.
Learn a new skill and create a piece of art for your home or garden in the process.
If you have a larger project in mind, and need help getting started, this workshop is a great way to get you started on the right foot.
The studio sits on the edge of Kinsale town, a touristic gem of west Cork. Bring a packed lunch or head into the town for a bite. Plenty of accommodation available in Kinsale town and surrounding area as well as Cork City itself. A public bus service operates between Cork and Kinsale if traveling without a car.
What does the workshop involve?
 Workshop will involve:
  • Introduction to mosaicing materials and tools.
  • Introduction to the design process.
  • Looking at different mosaicing processes.
  • Coming up with a design for your project.
  • Creating your masterpiece.
  • Introduction to grouts and grouting
  • Grouting and finishing your work of art to take home with you.  

Weekend workshop is €180 p/p and includes all materials needed. Teas & Coffees also included. Bring a packed lunch.  Discounts available for group bookings. See below for details. Limited spaces available. Booking essential. AN ADDITIONAL 10% EARLYBIRD DISCOUNT ON ALL BOOKINGS IF YOU BOOK BEFORE JUNE30TH (DISCOUNT CODE: saveme10) 

Sunday, December 13, 2015

The Timekeeper

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Earlier in the year I was commissioned under the Per Cent for Art scheme to create a sculpture for a secondary school in Drogheda Co. Louth. 
The brief was to create a piece to commemorate the transition of the school from its humble beginnings into the new extensive extension, the sculpture is based on the subject of the movement of  time. 

Our history traced through stone.

The permanence of stone means that much of what we know about our past has been discovered through examining the stone structures left behind by our ancestors, from structures and sites of worship to the dry stone walls that map out the history of the vernacular landscape of our countryside.  In the Drogheda area alone, more than 5000 years of history can be read through the many stone structures  that cover the landscape here, spanning from the Neolithic site of  Newgrange to the Norman beginnings of the town itself.  This Norman heritage is evident  in the earliest monument in the town which is the motte-and-bailey castle, now known as Millmount Fort.
Karl sits in the timekeeper's seat
'The Timekeeper'  sculpture pays tribute to this movement of time, recorded through stone.
From a distance the large vertical blocks of sandstone  take  on the appearance of a Neolithic structure. As you approach, the sundial element of the sculpture becomes apparent.
The large angled stone in the centre (gnomon) is angled parallel to the earth's axis, paying tribute to the first gnomon style sundials invented in the late 1300's. The bars of engineered limestone in the floor along with the relief carvings of cogs and wheels in the standing stones represent modern time.  
The precision of the limestone markers highlights the slight fluctuation in the accuracy of the shadows cast by the Neolithic gnomon as the seasons change. This in turn highlights the contrast between the rudimentary time mapping of the neoliths with the sophisticated precision of modern engineered time.

The stone seating area in the courtyard between the old and new buildings is an extension of the sculpture, with the time capsule placed  under the stone mosaic in the floor, a symbol of the school's confidence in its future.
The time capsule being placed under one of Sunny's mosaics 
The stone for this project is sandstone and comes from Drimkeelan quarry in County Donegal.  Drimkeelan quarry is one of the oldest working quarries in the country. The Abbey of Assaroe was built in 1180 using this stone, so it is known that quarrying started around this time. A carved sandstone lamp found in the mines of the quarry suggests mining could have already started in the middle ages, by Cistercian monks who had abbeys to build.
Shopping for gnomons with quarry owner Brian Kerrigan at Drimkeelan quarry 
Inside the sandstone mines of Drimkeelan during the Tír Ċonaill Stone Festival  in 2013. Read more about this here
The quarry also supplied stone for famous buildings such as The National Museum of Ireland, Leinster house(The Dail) and Stormont in Northern Ireland .
The piece of white quartzite built into the base of the gnomon links back to the white quartzite facade of the nearby prehistoric site of Newgrange.  
How Sundials Work.

Sundials indicate the time by casting a shadow or throwing light onto a surface known as a dial face or dial plate.
The time is indicated where a shadow falls on the dial face, which is usually inscribed with hour lines.
The entire object that casts a shadow or light onto the dial face is known as the sundial's gnomon.
The gnomon is set parallel to the earth's axis. This angle is horizontal at the equator and increases to vertical (90⁰) at the poles. The angle of the earth's axis is dependent on your location and can be found by checking the latitude on your GPS coordinates. The latitude of Drogheda is 53.717856⁰.
As well as being parallel to the earth's axis, the gnomon also points to the pole (in this case the North Pole.) North, South, East and West are marked on the sculpture on the back of the standing stones and behind the seat stone.
The Sun is highest in the sky at midday and casts a short shadow. In the afternoon, when the Sun is lower in the sky, the shadow is longer.
The length of the shadow is also affected by the seasons. Winter shadows are longer than Summer shadows. This is because the Sun is lower in the sky in Winter.
The speed of the shadow depends on the length of the gnomon. This gnomon, being almost 2 metres tall, means that the tip of the shadow will move about a third of its height (60cm) in an hour - 1cm per minute. This movement is due to the Earth's rotation.

Building the sculpture
Like may stonemason's I usually work alone, however with large projects like this I am lucky to have a great group of friends from the DSWAI who I can call on.
Scaled model 
Ken Curran splitting stone for the gnomon using plugs and feathers 
Sunny places the gnomon 
Ken begins work in the first relief carving
Ken and Sunny work on the carvings
One of Sunny's carvings nearing completion
One of standing stones carved by Ken
Alex Panteleyenko works on cutting the letters for the time capsule seating area as well as the numbers for the sundial
Time capsule seating area under construction 
The dry laid pitched stonework was a very slow process with about 60m2 to be laid in total. Fortunately I had Karl Kennedy and Mark Gregan with me for this stage of the build.
The majority of the stonework was laid in a radial orientation from the gnomon apart from one segment that connects the timekeeper's seat to the gnomon. 
Karl and Nick work in the shadow of the gnomon
Scottish master craftsman Nick Aitken also stopped by for a few days to pitch in while over visiting for one of our trips to work on The Gathering of Stones monument which a number of us are involved in.  
As is often the case when building something unique, this project ended up taking longer than expected, so the pressure was on to get it completed on time. It was a little surreal at times to be building a giant clock when you're under pressure to finish a job.  
Thanks again to the great group of guys who helped me realise this project. It is great to see the praise it is getting, and the process of its construction will hopefully give some of the students in the school an appreciation for the craft and for the work involved in applying those skills.